Morphemes and consonant vowels types in English


  • Jack L. Hovers University of Kansas, Lawrence, United States
  • Naira Vynkovicz-Mytel University of London, London, United Kingdom


allomorph, alveolar, dental, initial phoneme, morpheme concepts, morphological process, morphological studies, smallest grammatical, tongue, traditional grammar


Morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit that has meaning. Traditional grammar does not recognize morpheme concepts or terms because morphemes are not syntactic units, and not all morphemes have philosophical meanings. The concept of morphemes was only introduced by structuralists at the beginning of the twentieth century. To determine whether a unit of form is morpheme or not, we must compare the form in its presence with other forms. If this form turns out to be repeated in other forms, then that form is a morpheme. In morphological studies, a formed unit that has the status of a morpheme is usually denoted by sandwiching it between curly brackets. For example, the word book is denoted as {book}, the word rewrite is denoted to be {re} + {write}. In every language there is a shape (like a word) that you can cut into smaller pieces, then cut back into smaller pieces that you cannot cut anymore.


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How to Cite

Hovers, J. L., & Vynkovicz-Mytel, N. (2020). Morphemes and consonant vowels types in English. Macrolinguistics and Microlinguistics, 1(1), 37–51. Retrieved from