Macrolinguistics and Microlinguistics 2021-06-22T01:56:50+00:00 Dr. Wayan Suryasa Open Journal Systems Morphology in micro linguistics and macro linguistics 2021-06-20T15:43:08+00:00 Londre Vocroix <p>This study aims to examine the morphological aspects and their application in micro linguistics and micro linguistics. Linguistics in terms of study can be divided into two types, namely micro linguistics and macro linguistics. Micro linguistics is understood as linguistics which has a narrower nature of the study. That is, it is internal, only sees language as language. Macro linguistics is broad, the nature of the study is external. Linguistics studies language activities in other fields, such as economics and history. Language is used as a tool to see language from the point of view from outside the language. Language can be seen descriptively, historically comparative, contrastive, synchronic, and diachronic. Descriptive linguistics looks at living languages ​​as they are. Comparative linguistics compares two or more languages ​​at different periods. Contrastive linguistics compares the languages ​​of a particular period or contemporaries. This study looks for similarities and differences in the fields of structure: phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics. Synchronic linguistics questions the language of a particular mass. In this study, we do not compare with other languages ​​and other periods. Thus, this linguistic study is horizontal.</p> 2021-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Londre Vocroix The link between language and thought 2021-06-21T12:57:26+00:00 Frank Zong Silzia Xia Zhen <p>In essence, in communication activities, there is a process of producing and understanding speech. It can be said that psycholinguistics is the study of mental mechanisms that occur in people who use language, both when producing or understanding speech. In other words, in language use, there is a process of changing thoughts into codes and changing codes into thoughts. Speech is a synthesis of the process of converting concepts into code while understanding the message is the result of code analysis. Language as a form or result of a process and as something that is processed in the form of spoken or written language psycholinguistics is the study of humans as language users, namely the study of language systems that exist in humans who can explain how humans can capture other people's ideas and how they can express their ideas through language, either in writing or orally. Language skills that must be mastered by someone, this is related to language skills, namely listening, speaking, reading, and writing.</p> 2021-01-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Frank Zong, Silzia Xia Zhen Linguistics for language learning and research 2021-06-21T14:18:25+00:00 Hitori Amori <p>Linguistics is a science that makes language the object of its study. Linguistics itself is divided into two scopes of learning including, microlinguistics and macrolinguistics. Where each scope has a different purpose, microlinguistics studies only limited to the internal structure of language without applying the knowledge in social life, while macro linguistics studies language in relation to the outside world and the application of the language in social life. Linguistics as a science of language can also be the basis for conducting research, where the object of study is the language itself. In conducting research, researchers can use qualitative or quantitative research methods depending on what problem will be the object of research.</p> 2021-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Hitori Amori Abdul Chaer general linguistics book resume 2021-06-21T15:21:50+00:00 Surgey Probyshevichy <p>Every science has three stages of development including linguistics. The first stage is the stage of speculation, meaning that the conclusion is made without being supported by empirical evidence and carried out without certain procedures. The second stage is the stage of observation and classification. At this stage the experts collect and classify all facts carefully without giving theory, this method cannot be said to be scientific because it has not yet arrived at the withdrawal of the theory. The third stage is the stage of the formulation of the theory. At this stage, each discipline tries to understand the basic problems and asks questions about those problems based on the empirical data collected, then formulates hypotheses or hypotheses that can answer the question, and compile tests to test the hypothesis with the facts. This approach to language as a language can be described in some concepts. First, because language is the sound of speech, linguistics sees language as sound. For linguistics, spoken language is primary and written language is secondary. Second, because language is unique, linguistics does not try to use the framework of one language to apply to other languages.</p> 2021-02-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Surgey Probyshevichy Written, scratch and spelling languages 2021-06-22T01:56:50+00:00 Yullips Ziwen Wong <p>Language is a sound system. Linguistics sees language as spoken language, spoken language, not written language. However, linguistics does not close itself to written language, because anything related to language is also an object of linguistics. Oral language linguistics is primary, while written language is secondary. In that language, there is no known written language variety, only spoken language variety. Written language can be considered as a "record" of spoken language, as a human effort to "store" the language or to be conveyed to other people who are in a different space and time. However, it turns out that the recorded written language is not perfect. Many elements of spoken language, such as stress, intonation, and tone, cannot be perfectly recorded in written language, whereas in certain languages ​​these three elements are very important. There are several types of script, namely pictographic script, ideographic script, syllabic script, and phonemic script. None of these types of characters can "record" spoken language perfectly. Many elements of spoken language cannot be described by the script accurately and accurately.</p> 2021-02-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Yullips Ziwen Wong