Written, scratch and spelling languages




ideographic, language approach, language society, oral language, phonemic script, pictographic script, spoken language, syllabic script, written language


Language is a sound system. Linguistics sees language as spoken language, spoken language, not written language. However, linguistics does not close itself to written language, because anything related to language is also an object of linguistics. Oral language linguistics is primary, while written language is secondary. In that language, there is no known written language variety, only spoken language variety. Written language can be considered as a "record" of spoken language, as a human effort to "store" the language or to be conveyed to other people who are in a different space and time. However, it turns out that the recorded written language is not perfect. Many elements of spoken language, such as stress, intonation, and tone, cannot be perfectly recorded in written language, whereas in certain languages ​​these three elements are very important. There are several types of script, namely pictographic script, ideographic script, syllabic script, and phonemic script. None of these types of characters can "record" spoken language perfectly. Many elements of spoken language cannot be described by the script accurately and accurately.


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How to Cite

Wong, Y. Z. (2021). Written, scratch and spelling languages. Macrolinguistics and Microlinguistics, 2(1), 51–65. https://doi.org/10.21744/mami.v2n1.15